7 Reasons for pre-emergent failure.
Here are 7 reasons for pre-emergent failure. We are often asked, why has my pre-emergent herbicide not worked? Timing is the obvious reason but there could be a number of other causes. For example, the incessant spring rain in 2022 in Sydney and QLD has had a major impact on pre-emergent herbicide results.
List of 7 reasons for pre-emergent failure.
Reasons for herbicide failure – 1
Timing – Is it too late to apply a pre-emergent herbicide for turf when I can see weeds?
In 99% of cases, apply pre-emergent herbicides before weed seeds germinate. Application after this and they won’t work. That’s why applying a pre emergent and a post emergent like a sulfonylurea herbicide at the same time is highly recommended.
Knowing what your target weeds are is key to successful treatment. Perennial weeds such as buckhorn plantain and dandelion typically germinate in the late autumn or early spring. Winter annuals include speedwells, common chickweed, henbit and bittercress.
Reasons for herbicide failure – 2
Weed ID – How do I know what weed to control?
This is a major reason for herbicide failure because not all pre-emergent herbicides are effective against the same weeds. If you don’t know what you are targeting how can you expect to control the weed properly? The Gilba Solutions turf weed guide will help you identify your weeds correctly.
Reasons for herbicide failure – 3
Water – If it rains heavily after I apply my pre-emergent herbicide, will it still work?
Heavy rain shortly after applying pre-emergent herbicides can move them out of the target zone. This is especially likely in high sand rootzones. Pre-emergent herbicides work by staying in the top layer of the rootzone to suppress weed emergence. If heavy rainfall is expected in the season, turf managers should consider split applications if the label allows it.
The water solubility of a pre-emergent herbicide impacts its leaching potential after rainfall. Leaching occurs when the herbicide dissolves in water and moves down through the soil profile. A good example of this is metolachlor (Pennmag® or Meteor®), which is relatively highly soluble in water. Under heavy rainfall this moves more quickly from the coarse-textured (such as sandy) soils under heavy rainfall. In contrast, pendimethalin is relatively immobile in the soil.
Reasons for herbicides failure – 4
Resistance – I’ve been using the same pre-emergent herbicide for years but it doesn’t seem to work anymore.
So here we are over half way through 7 reasons for pre-emergent failure. Repeatedly using the same chemical herbicide group can help with the development of herbicide resistance. In the Australian turf market the majority of the pre-emergent herbicides used are in the dinitroaniline (DNA) family, including Battalia® (pendimethalin), Dimension® (dithiopyr) and Barricade® (prodiamine). Exceptions to this are Echelon Duo® (oxadiazon), Specticle® (indaziflam) and Pennmag® (metalochlor). 2018 work in the US looking at pre-emergent herbicide for winter grass control found that 58% of winter grass had some degree of herbicide resistance to prodiamine.
Reasons for herbicide failure – 5
Soil temperature – What is the best timing for my pre-emergent herbicide application?
Spring Pre-Emergents. Best apply when the soil temperature has been at 12℃ for 2–3 days.
Autumn Pre-Emergents. Apply when soil temperatures fall to 21℃ for 2–3 days.
Reasons for herbicide failure – 6
Irrigation timing – Do I have to water in my pre-emergent herbicide immediately?
Granular pre-emergent herbicides do not need to be immediately watered in. However, most products work best with at least a 6mm of water within 2–3 days.One problem with granular pre emergents is that if you get a heavy downpour of rain these can wash off site. That is why once applied they should be watered in as a soon possible.
Liquid pre-emergent herbicides need to be watered in to reach the soil. However, with some of these there is some degree of leeway. For example. Specticle® has a 21 day window for watering in.
Reasons for herbicide failure – 7
Organic amendments – can humic acid effect my pre-emergent herbicide?
Using certain products with pre-emergent herbicides such as Barricade® or Specticle® could in fact be a reason for herbicide failure. Let me explain further.
Both soil type and organic matter influence pre-emergent behaviour. For example work by Tielen in 2010, has shown that higher organic matter content results in a lower herbicide efficacy for Frontier (dimethenamid-P) for three weed species (chickweed, groundsel and summergrass). This was most likely due to organic matter content and its influence on soil sorption. Sorption is based on factors such as the amount and quality of soil organic carbon, texture, pH, and soil moisture
Many labels of pre-emergent products recommend using activated charcoal to neutralize pre-emergent herbicides. For example, with Specticle®, activated charcoal has been shown to deactivate this if applied within several days of application.
As some products marketed in Australia contain activated charcoal or are marketed as fertilizers coated with an organic material. This raises a question. Can these reduce the performance of pre-emergent herbicides? This includes products like prodiamine (Barricade®), indazaflam (Specticle®) and oxadiazon (Oxafert®)?
One such product is Humic DG®. To quote ”contains highly oxidized carbon and organic acids that, in close association with certain classes of pre-emergent herbicides, may interfere with their efficacy. These results show that the application rate of herbicides should be adjusted to account for within-field variation in soil organic matter”.
Another example is Carbon Trader®, which is a water-dispersible granule of activated carbon and often used to colour up turf areas.
What pre emergent herbicide kills bindi?
Before you go putting down a pre emergent herbicide realise that the best way of stopping any weed is to have healthy dense turf. If you have this it will choke out competing weeds and so you don’t have to spray any chemicals. However in some cases you might need to apply a pre emergent herbicide.
My two go to pre emergents for bindii are an oxadiazon based product such as Echelon® or Echelon Duo® or for longer control products based on prodiamine such as Onset 10GR® if I want to use a granular option or Barricade® herbicide if I want to use a liquid. Both of these active ingredients give excellent control against this troublesome weed.
How does pre emergent herbicide work?
Withouit going into too much detail pre emergent herbicdies form a barrier a the surface and prevent weeds from establishing. They have no effect at all on weed seeds.
Does pre emergent herbicide kill grass?
If you follow the label the answer is a simply no.
Where to buy pre emergent herbicide near me?
Gilba solutions supplies into NSW, VIC, QLD and the ACT. For areas outside of these feel free to contact us and we are only too happy to point you in the right direction as to where to get product at the best price.
Are there any new pre emergent herbicides?
The newest pre emergent active ingredient is indaziflam sold as Specticle® which was introduced several years ago. However, the newest products on the market are both granular products and produced by Indigo Specialty. These are called Echelon Duo® and Onset 10GR® These are based on oxadiazon and prodiamine respectively.
Can I core after applying a pre-emergent herbicide?
After an applying oxadiazon, core aeration did not affect crowsfoot control.
Monroe et. al., also showed that aeration did not affect the control of summer grass.
After Graduating from Newcastle University with an Hons Degree in Soil Science in 1988, Jerry then worked for the Sports Turf Research Institute (STRI) before emigrating to Australia in 1993.
He followed this by gaining a Grad Dip in Business Managment from UTS and has worked in a number of managment roles for companies as diverse as Samsung Australia, Arthur Yates and Paton Fertilizers.
He has always had a strong affinity with the Australian sports turf industry and as a result he established Gilba Solutions in 1993. Jerry has written over 100 articles and two books on a wide range of topics such as Turf Pesticides and Nutrition which have been published in Australia and overseas.