The use of granular pre-emergent herbicides by turf managers and lawn lovers is now standard practice with products such as Barricade® herbicide widely in use. In the late 1990’s Scotts Pre-M was the first of these in Australia. This was a pendimethalin-based product and a huge success with councils and sports turf managers due to its ease of use. With one application you had done your weed control and fertilizing. Since then other products have followed, like those based on oxadiazon such as Ronstar®, Echelon® and Oxafert®. There are now several choices, in a range of granule sizes and with different longevities. The newest granular pre-emergent herbicides for lawns and turf are Echelon Duo® and Onset®10GR.
Echelon Duo® is a granular pre-emergent herbicide that also contains a residual insecticide and a balanced 15-1-17 NPK fertilizer. So, in one application, you can achieve three treatments. Prevent weeds and insects and also feed your turf. Echelon Duo® has the following benefits:
- First it needs minimal mixing or measuring;
- Second, it is easy to spread;
- Third, due to its clear labelling it is easy to work out the application rate;
- It contains the proven pre-emergent herbicide oxadiazon which is also the active in Oxafert®, and provides up to 3 months control from one application; oxadiazon works against summergrass, crowsfoot grass, wintergrass and creeping oxalis;
- The insecticide thiamethoxam provides residual insect control for up to 6 months; it works against against black beetle, argentinian scarab and billbug;
- Echelon Duo® is very safe to use. As it has no odour, smell or vapour there is little exposure to the chemical;
- Being a granular if there are any spillages these can be easily swept up;
- There are significant cost savings from using Echelon Duo® as hand application equipment is cheap compared to spray equipment;
- It is available in easy to use 5kg pack and also a 20kg pack for larger areas.
- Echelon Duo® is registered for lawns and larger turf areas.
Onset 10GR® is a new granular pre-emergent herbicide and lasts for up to 6 months after one application, Onset 10GR®:
- Stops a wide range of weeds including: barnyard grass, parramatta grass, summer grass, african love grass, crowsfoot grass, paspalum and winter grass;
- It contains the pre-emergent herbicide prodiamine which is the active in Barricade® pre-emergent herbicide;
- It is safe to use on couch, zoysia, QLD blue, and Kikuyu;
- Unlike many granular pre-emergent herbicides you do not need to water it in immediately;
- The uniform prill size ensures excellent coverage;
- Onset 10GR® is available in 5kg and 20kg pack sizes.
More detailed information is on the Onset 10GR product label.
How Onset 10GR® granular pre-emergent herbicide works
Which is the best granular pre-emergent herbicide?
A 2019 study on granular pre-emergent herbicides looking at how well they work on summergrass. The only products included in this study and available in Australia are Specticle® liquid pre-emergent herbicide and BASF Freehand®. After 22 weeks they found that summer grass cover was 51% and 66% respectively.
How to calibrate a spreader for a granular pre-emergent herbicide.
Correctly calibrating a spreader to use a pre emergent herbicide is important so that any application is at the correct rate. The application width and rate will vary with the walking speed, physical nature of the fertilizer, and spreader settings. So each time someone else uses a spreader it will need recalibrating.
- First, fill a fertilizer hopper with your product of choice. We can help with your choice of which pre-emergent herbicide to use;
- Second, walk over a plastic sheet at your normal walking pace. This shows the application width. By using a plastic sheet you do not waste any product as you can pick up and reuse it. The application width shows you how far how far apart you should make passes to give an even application with no overlap. In this example we will say its 3m;
- Third, check the application rate and adjust the spreader settings;
- Then fill the hopper with the required amount of granular pre-emergent i.e. 5kg (5000g);
- Next, walk over a set distance at your usual pace i.e. 20m;
- Empty the hopper and weigh the remaining contents. For example, 2kg (2000g);
- Calculate the area by multiplying the application width (found in 2) by the distance walked (20m);
- The formula to calculate the application rate is:
Original amount in the hopper (5kg), minus the amount left after spreading (2kg). So you applied 3000g over 20m.
Area is the distance (20m) * the width 3m = 60m2
weight applied/area = application rate/m2 = 3000/60 = 50g/m2
Spreader settings are established using standard equipment available from the spreader manufacturer at typical swath widths and speeds. Variables such as walking speed, terrain, particle size, density, and spreader condition affect these settings. Spreader settings are intended as a guide and calibration should still be performed to ensure proper application rates. They intention of these spreader settings is not to replace calibration.
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